Instructional Models for Early Science Education

It’s been widely reported over the last decade that students start their education with a great deal of enthusiasm and then, as the years go by, much of the enthusiasm and curiosity seems to dwindle.  However, the best education does not show this trend.

One of the superior systems for teaching students science in the primary grades (PreK to 2nd grade) is the 5E Instructional Model. The goal is to get them to construct their new thinking, ideas, and knowledge on top of existing edifices of education and knowledge in their brain. The idea is to:

Engage
Explore
Explain
Elaborate
Evaluate

In this context each of these words or steps meaning something very specific.  for instance (and I quote the Science4Us explanation of the system): During the Explain phase, elementary students are provided a clear, concise description of the new concept which will include formal labels and essential vocabulary through a fun and captivating video clip. Within the Explain segment is a “Show What You Know” game-show-like assessment that checks for student understanding. The offline lesson is a graphic organizer or mind map that also determines mastery of the foundational science concept.

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